How to improve energy efficiency in buildings?


Energy efficiency is one of the pillars of the European Green Deal. The principle of "energy efficiency first" in European policies is also transposed by EU Directive 31/2010 by which all new or major renovated buildings, starting with 2019, will have to meet nZEB (near zero energy buildings) standards.

Challenge description

Energy poverty is a widespread phenomenon in Romania, but also on the entire European continent. From the arsenal of tools to combat energy poverty, increasing energy efficiency of buildings by renovating them, is one of the most efficient in terms of costs. The building sector is a big consumer (no less than 40% of final consumption in the EU), and the energy sector is a large one GHG generator (36% of the total in the EU). The IEA shows that the energy efficiency of buildings is essential for achieving the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit the increase in average temperature to 2° C compared to the pre-industrial era, until the end of this century. Piatra Neamț is a member of the Covenant of Mayors since 2018 and approved the SECAP (Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan) that involves measures that will reduce the GHG emissions with 42% by 2030.

Challenge vision

Beyond the public support that such a program would gain, other benefits for Piatra Neamț would be the creation of skilled jobs, especially in the construction sector, the development of SMEs through the effect of economic multiplication, but also healthier public and residential buildings.

The solutions proposed should address and focus on the following aspects:

  • Maximizing energy efficiency in buildings
  • Increasing the use of renewable energy resources in buildings and/or become prosumers
  • Energy storage solutions
  • Decarbonisation of energy used for heating and cooling in buildings (currently is based on fossil fuels 75% in the EU)
  • Introduction of smart metering and control systems
  • Recover waste heat from industrial processes and reuse it

Let's act and focus on:

  • How can we make the public institutions a friendly tender of innovative solutions?
  • How do we attract early adopters on a large scale?
  • How can we raise the awareness of purchasing these innovative solutions for buildings?
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