Cities

Urban Planning for Waste Management

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Urban Planning for Sustainable Waste Management

Currently, Lagos is the most populous city in Africa, serves as the commercial capital of Nigeria. Population growth and increasing urbanisation in Lagos has significantly outnumbered social infrastructure and waste management capabilities.

Team
Urban Planning Team
Lookman OSHODI, Rasheed OSINOWO and Oghenetega OGODO
Contact details
info@elri-ng.org

Maximising the benefits from waste and transforming Lagos to a cleaner sustainable city

Lagos is the most populous city in Africa. Yet, it is also slowly becoming the waste capital of Africa. Join us in providing innovative solutions that would transform Lagos to a waste free and sustainable city.

Read more about Maximising the benefits from waste and transforming Lagos to a cleaner sustainable city

Urban Planning for Sustainable Waste Management

Currently, Lagos is the most populous city in Africa, serves as the commercial capital of Nigeria. Population growth and increasing urbanisation in Lagos has significantly outnumbered social infrastructure and waste management capabilities.

Solution context

Waste generation is as old as the world itself, but what makes the difference is the content and how it’s being generated. In recent times, African major cities are faced with population upsurge due to the improvement in lifestyle and influx of people from city fringes. Lagos state is the commercial life wire of the country-Nigeria, with the ever-increasing population of well over 17million (Gazette; No, Vol. 96). Lagos comes second (2nd) in Africa population chart behind Cairo (WES, 2018) and with waste Generation Capacity Per Capital (GCPC) of about 0.5kg/person/day, totalling 900 metric tons of waste daily according to the State of the Environment Report 2010. To manage this effectively is essential for both government and the private sectors. In this part of the world, the issue of Waste Management (WM) is being handled by both Private and Public Sector (PPS), with the government providing Law and Regulatory framework for their operations.  The Lagos State Waste Management Authority (LAWMA) and in recent times, Cleaner Lagos Initiative (CLI) is the central body in the state responsible for waste managing in the Lagos Megacity (LM). Coordination of waste management has been challenging, leading to heaps of waste, all around the state. The continuously expanding population makes it difficult to track the rate at which wastes are being generated and managed in the state. The obligations need to be delegated into smaller units in order for focal points to be established.

Solution description

1. DECENTRALIZATION OF ACTIVITIES

A social structure for street associations should be recognized under LAWMA. A hierarchical order of waste generation, transportation and management should be established. This will be structured in the following order;
i. The State Government
ii. The Local Government
iii. Street Associations
● The State Government is to be in charge of Laws and Regulations (LR) including some aspects of waste management.
● The Local Government should be equipped enough to tackle waste of any magnitude and capacity of staff should be built to cater for same.
● Street Associations these are communities units with members in charge of monitoring and recording the development within that area. Feedback would be given to the larger body on the details for the type of waste generated from households, the number of occupants in each household.

2. PLANNING BEFORE DEVELOPMENT
Development in Lagos State is ahead of its Planning. This is one of the reasons why data collection on waste management has not been so easy. The government has not been able to capture the rate at which waste is being generated in the State. With adequate planning and development control details on waste management, this will be easily remedied. The following is hereby proposed;
● A proposed model plan for areas in the state; an estimate of the population capacity of the project must be stated and response to details of waste management facilities should fit the population needs of the plan.
● Spatial information on existing locations in the state must be updated to the master plan in order for new development to be tracked on the systems with the help of GPS and Waste Management APP (WMA).
● A Waste Management Master Plan (WMMP) should be created for the state in order to make informed decision to monitor and track information related to waste that is being generated.


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